• Smartproxy >
  • Glossary >
  • MIME

MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions)

MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions) is a standard that extends the format of email to support:

  1. Text in character sets other than ASCII.
  2. Non-text attachments such as images, audio, and video files.
  3. Message bodies with multiple parts.
  4. Header information in non-ASCII character sets.

Key Components of MIME

  • MIME-Version: Specifies the MIME version being used.
  • Content-Type: Indicates the media type of the content, such as text/plain, image/jpeg, application/json.
  • Content-Transfer-Encoding: Specifies the encoding method used to ensure that the content is correctly transmitted over email protocols, such as base64 or quoted-printable.
  • Content-Disposition: Provides presentation information, like whether an attachment should be displayed inline or as an attachment with a suggested filename.

Applications of MIME

  • Email Transmission: MIME allows emails to include multimedia content and attachments.
  • HTTP Protocol: MIME types are used to specify the nature of files being transferred over HTTP, ensuring correct handling by browsers and web servers.

Example Usage

MIME-Version: 1.0
Content-Type: multipart/mixed; boundary="boundary-string"
Content-Type: text/plain; charset="UTF-8"
Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit

This is the body of the email.

Content-Type: image/jpeg
Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64
Content-Disposition: attachment; filename="example.jpg"
...base64 encoded image data...

Advantages of MIME

  • Versatility: Supports a wide range of media types and character sets.
  • Compatibility: Enhances compatibility across different email systems and software.
  • Interoperability: Facilitates the exchange of rich content and attachments in a standardized manner.

MIME is a crucial standard in internet communications, enabling the exchange of diverse and complex data formats over email and other protocols. Its structured approach ensures reliable and consistent handling of various media types, making it essential for modern digital communication.

Get in touch

Follow us


© 2018-2024, All Rights Reserved