• Smartproxy >
  • Glossary >
  • Node JS

Node JS

Node JS (or Node.js) is a runtime environment that allows developers to execute JavaScript code on the server side. Built on the V8 JavaScript engine from Google Chrome, Node.js is designed to create scalable network applications with high performance and low latency.

Key Features

  1. Non-Blocking I/O: Node.js uses an event-driven, non-blocking I/O model, making it efficient and suitable for real-time applications that require a lot of data transfer, such as chat applications and online gaming.
  2. Single Programming Language: With Node.js, developers can use JavaScript for both client-side and server-side development, streamlining the development process and enabling full-stack JavaScript development.
  3. Package Management: Node.js includes npm (Node Package Manager), which provides access to a vast repository of open-source libraries and tools, facilitating rapid development and code reuse.

Core Concepts

  • Event-Driven Architecture: Node.js handles asynchronous operations using events and callbacks, enabling high concurrency and scalability.
  • Single-Threaded: While Node.js operates on a single-threaded event loop, it can handle multiple connections simultaneously due to its non-blocking nature.
  • Modules: Node.js uses a modular approach, allowing developers to break down their code into reusable modules, enhancing code organization and maintainability.


A simple web server in Node.js:

const http = require('http');
const server = http.createServer((req, res) => {
res.statusCode = 200;
res.setHeader('Content-Type', 'text/plain');
res.end('Hello, World!\n');
server.listen(3000, '', () => {
console.log('Server running at');

This example creates a web server that listens on port 3000 and responds with "Hello, World!" to any incoming request.

Node.js is widely used for building efficient and scalable server-side applications. Its non-blocking, event-driven architecture, combined with the power of JavaScript, makes it a popular choice for developers aiming to create high-performance, real-time applications.

Get in touch

Follow us


© 2018-2024, All Rights Reserved