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Selenium is an open-source suite of tools designed for automating web browsers. It is widely used for testing web applications, providing a robust framework to perform functional, regression, and load testing. Key features include:

  1. Cross-Browser Testing: Selenium supports multiple browsers, including Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge, ensuring web applications work consistently across different environments.
  2. Multiple Language Support: It allows writing test scripts in various programming languages such as Java, C#, Python, Ruby, and JavaScript, providing flexibility for developers.
  3. Selenium WebDriver: WebDriver is a core component that directly controls the browser, mimicking real user interactions like clicking, typing, and navigating, offering accurate test results.
  4. Grid: Selenium Grid enables parallel execution of tests across multiple machines and browsers, reducing test execution time and improving efficiency.
  5. IDE: Selenium Integrated Development Environment (IDE) is a simple tool for creating quick bug reproduction scripts and automated tests without needing advanced programming knowledge.
  6. Extensibility: Selenium's open-source nature and rich community support allow for extensive customization and integration with other tools and frameworks, enhancing its capabilities.

Selenium's comprehensive feature set and flexibility make it a popular choice for automated browser testing, ensuring web applications meet quality standards before deployment.

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